Guide to Authors/Contributors
We welcome the submission of manuscripts that meets
the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence. Papers will be
published approximately upon acceptance by JEGYS Editors Electronic submission
of manuscripts is strongly encouraged, provided that the text, tables, and
figures are included in a single Microsoft Word (MS-word) file (preferably in
Garamond font). All submissions are should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org
Submission of manuscript can be made via links on
the different journal home pages. An Acknowledgement letter with manuscript
tracking number will be mailed to the corresponding author immediately. (Note:
We will only accept papers submitted Microsoft office word format (.doc
Types of manuscripts for submission includes:
These should describe new and carefully confirmed
findings, and experimental procedures should be given in sufficient detail for
others to verify the work. The length of a full paper should be the minimum
required to describe and interpret the work clearly.
A Short Communication is suitable for recording the
results of complete small investigations or giving details of new models or
hypotheses, innovative methods, techniques or apparatus. The style of main
sections need not conform to that of full-length papers. Short communications
are 2 to 4 printed pages (about 6 to 12 manuscript pages) in length.
Submissions of book, conference or case reviews and
perspectives covering topics of current interest are welcome and encouraged.
Reviews should be concise and no longer than 4-6 printed pages (about 12 to 18
manuscript pages). Reviews are also peer-reviewed. Critical Reviews, Surveys,
Opinions, Commentaries and Essays Submissions of surveys, opinions,
commentaries, essays and perspectives covering topics of current interest are
welcome and encouraged.
All manuscripts are double blind reviewed by an
editor and members of the Editorial Board or qualified peer-reviewers.
Decisions will be made as rapidly as possible, and the journal strives to send
reviewers' evaluation to authors within 4 weeks. The editorial board will
re-evaluate manuscripts that are accepted pending revision. All published
articles in this peer-reviewed journal will be reviewed by members of the editorial
board and reviewers, and it is the goal of JEGYS, to publish manuscripts within
8 weeks after submission.
All portions of the manuscript must be typed single-spaced
and all pages numbered starting from the title page.
The Title should be a brief phrase describing the
contents of the paper. The Title Page should include the authors' full names
and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax
and E-mail information. Present addresses of authors should appear as a footnote.
The abstract should be informative and completely
self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of the
experiments, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and
conclusions. The Abstract should be 100 to 200 words in length. Complete
sentences and syntax, active verbs, and the third person should be used, and
the abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should
be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited.
Following the abstract, about 3 to 10 key words
that will provide indexing references should be listed.
A list of non-standard abbreviations should be
added. In general, non-standard abbreviations should be used only when the full
term is very long and used often. Each abbreviation should be spelled out and
introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in the text. Only
recommended SI units should be used. Authors should use the solidus
presentation (mg/ml). Standard abbreviations (such as ATP and DNA) need not be defined.
The Introduction should provide a clear statement
of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed
approach or solution. It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad
range of diverse disciplines.
Materials and methods should be complete enough to
allow experiments to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should
be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and
important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly.
Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer's name and address.
Subheadings should be used. Methods in general use need not be described in
Results should be presented with clarity and
precision. The results should be written in the past tense when describing
findings in the authors' experiments. Previously published findings should be
written in the present tense. Results should be explained, but largely without
referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation
of data should not be included in the Results but should be put into the
The Discussion should interpret the findings in
view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic. State
the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper. The Results and
Discussion sections can include subheadings, and when appropriate, both
sections can be combined.
The Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc
should be brief.
Please provides scholarly information about
author/s of 100 to 150 words must also be submitted. Leave 2 blank lines after
bio-data with photograph and full contact addresses.
Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed
to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout,
including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page,
numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a
legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. The
details of the methods used in the experiments should preferably be described
in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in
both table and graph form or repeated in the text.
Figure legends should be typed in numerical order
on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of
generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting in the
Microsoft Word manuscript file.
Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word. Use
Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts
(Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description
so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the
manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.
References: In the text, a reference identified by
means of an author's surname should be followed by the date of the reference in
parentheses. When there are more than two authors, only the first author's name
should be mentioned, followed by 'et al'. In the event that an author cited has
had two or more works published during the same year, the reference, both in
the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower case letter
like 'a' and 'b' after the date to distinguish the works.
Reference must conform to the style of the
Publication Manual of the APA 5th Edition. Start the reference with the
sequence "Reference:" (without the quotes) in 10 point bold-face and
leave 1 blank lines after "Reference".
Surname, initial name/s. (Year). Name et al.
(Year), (Name, Year), (Name1 and Name2, Year), (Name, Year; Name, Year a,b;
Name, Year1,year2), (Name et al., Year) References should be listed at the end
of the paper in alphabetical order.
Articles in preparation or articles submitted for
publication, unpublished observations, personal communications, etc. should not
be included in the reference list but should only be mentioned in the article
text. Journal names are abbreviated according to Chemical Abstracts. Authors
are fully responsible for the accuracy of the references.
Bates, A. W. (2005). Technology, E-Learning and
Distance Education. London: Routledge.
Chaudhary, S. V. S and Panda, S (2005). Educational
Television and Teleconferencing. In Reddi, U.V., and Mishra, S. (Eds), Educational
Media in Asia: Perspectives on Distance Education. Vencour: COL.
Short Communications Short Communications are
limited to a maximum of two figures and one table. They should present a
complete study that is more limited in scope than is found in full-length
papers. The items of manuscript preparation listed above apply to Short
Communications with the following differences:
limited to 100-150 words;
Instead of a
separate Materials and Methods section, experimental procedures may be
incorporated into Figure Legends and Table footnotes;
Discussion should be combined into a single section.
Proofs and Reprints
Electronic proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment)
to the corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs are considered to be the
final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor
clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage.
Because EJBME will be published freely online to attract a wide audience),
authors will have free electronic access to the full text (in both HTML and
PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they
can print unlimited copies of their articles.
Citations in the Text should be:
Follow the author-date-
page number format (see example 1).
If you are
referring to an idea from another work but not directly quoting material, or
making entire reference to an entire book, article or other work, only make
reference to the author and year of publication (see example 2).
If there is no
author to cite, such as when you are citing a web page that lists no author use
an abbreviated version of the title of the page in quotation marks (see example
titles of longer words such as books, edited collections, movies,
documentaries, or albums.
Put quotation marks
around the titles of works such as journal articles, articles from edited
collections, television shows and song titles.
If a work has two
authors, cite both last names every time the reference in your text.
quotations of fewer than 40 words, enclose the quotation within double
quotation marks (see example1).
quotations longer than 40 words on a new line, indented five space from the left
margin and omit quotation marks (see example 4).
If you are citing a
work that has no author, no date, and no page numbers, use the first few words
from the title, then the abbreviation n.d. (for "no date"), (see
If you are using a
quotation that uses quotation marks as a short quotation, use single quotation
marks to set off material that was originally enclosed in quotation marks. If
you are using a quotation in block quote, use double quotation marks.
communications, such as e-mail messages to you, private interviews that you
conducted with another person should be referred to in text citations but not
in reference list (see example 6).
She stated, "Students often had difficulty
using APA style," (Jones, 1998, p.199), but she did not offer an
explanations as to why. According to Jones (1998), "Students often had
difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time"
(p.199). Jones (1998) found "Students often had difficulty using APA
style" (p.199); what implications does this have for teachers?
Jones (1998) compared student performance
In a recent study of student performance (Jones,
In 1998, Jones compared student performance
A similar study was done of students learning to
format research papers
("Using APA 5").
Jones 's 1993 study found the following: Students
often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time
citing sources. This difficulty could be attributed to the fact that many
students failed to purchase a style manual or to ask their teacher for help.
In another study of students and research
decisions, it was discovered that students succeeded with tutoring
("Tutoring and APA," n.d.).
A. P. Smith also claimed that many of her students
had difficulties with APA style (personal communication, November 3, 2002).
References should be
placed on a different page.
Cite references in
alphabetical order by first author surname and then his/her name.
References by a
single author precede multi-authored works by same first author, regardless of
List works by the
same author(s) in chronological order, beginning with the earliest date of
publication. If author has two works in same year, place in alphabetical order
by first significant word in title. These works should be lettered
consecutively (e.g. 2004a, 2004b).
"&" instead of "and" when listing multiple authors of a
If no author is
given for a particular source, begin with and alphabetize by using the title of
the work, which will be listed in place of the author.
All lines after the
first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented from the
When referring to
any work that is not a journal, such as a book, article, or web page,
capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the
first word after a colon or a dash in the title and proper nouns. Do not
capitalize the first letter of the second word in a hyphenated compound word.
major words in journal titles
Italicize titles of
longer works such as books and journals.
Berndt, T. J. (1996). Exploring the effects of
friendship quality on social development. In W. M. Bukowski, A. F. Newcomb,
& W. W. Hartup, (Eds.), The company they keep: Friendship in childhood and
adolescence. (pp. 346-365). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social
development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11,
Wegener, D. T., & Petty, R. E. (1994). Mood
management across affective states: The hedonic contingency hypothesis. Journal
of Personality & Social Psychology, 66, 1034-1048.
Wegener, D. T., & Petty, R. E. (1995), Flexible
correction processes in social judgment: The role of naive theories in
corrections for perceived bias. Journal of Personality & social Psychology,
Berndt, T. J. (1999). Friends' influence on
students' adjustment to school. Educational Psychologist, 34, 15-28.
Berndt, T. J. & Keefe, K. (1995). Friends'
influence on adolescents' adjustment to school. Child Development, 66,
Wegener, D. T., Kerr, N. L., Fleming, M. A., &
Petty, R. E. (2000). Flexible corrections of juror judgments: Implications for
jury instructions. Psychology, Public Policy, & Law, 6, 629-654.
Wegener, D. T., Petty, R. E., & Klein, D. J.
(1994). Effects of mood on high elaboration attitude change: The mediating role
of likelihood judgments. European Journal of Social Psychology, 24,
Berndt, T. J. (1981a). Age changes over time in
prosocial intentions and behavior between friends. Development Psychology, 17,
Berndt, T. J. (1981b). Effects of friendship on
prosocial intentions and behavior. Child Development, 52, 636-643.
An article in a periodical (e.g., a journal,
newspaper, or magazine)
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C.
(Year). Title of article. Title of periodical, volume number, pages.
A nonperiodical (e.g., book, report, brochure, or
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work:
Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.
Part of a nonperiodical (e.g., a book chapter or an
article in a collection)
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of
publication). Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of
book (pages of chapter). Location: Publisher.
Article in an Internet Periodical
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of
publication). Title of article. Title of journal, volume number (issue number
if available). Retrieved month day, year, from http://Web address.
Nonperiodical Internet Document (e.g., a Web page
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of
publication). Title of article. Retrieved month date, year, from http: //Web
Part of Nonperiodical Internet Document
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of
publication). Title of article. In Title of book or larger document
(chapter or section number). Retrieved from http://Web address.
Journal article, more than six authors
Harris, M., Karper, E., Stacks, G., Hoffman, D.,
DeNiro, R., Cruz, P., et al. (2001). Writing labs and the Hollywood connection.
Journal of Film and Writing, 44(3),213- 245.
Work discussed in secondary source
Coltheart, M., Curtis, B., Atkins, P., & Haller,
M. (1993). Models of reading aloud: Dual- route and
parallel-distributed-processing approaches. Psychological Review, 100, 589-608.
In Seidenberg and McClelland's study (as cited in Coltheart, Curtis, Atkins,
& Haller, 1993),
Magazine, Bulletin article, one author
Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the
grade in today's schools. Time, 135, 28- 31.
Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA
guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Washington,
DC: American Psychological Association.
An article or chapter of a book
O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and
women's gender role journeys: Metaphor for healing, transition, and
transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle
(pp. 107-123). New York: Springer.
A government publication
National Institute of Mental Health. (1990).
Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM
90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Research and Training Center on Independent Living.
(1993).Guidelines for reporting and writing about people with
disabilities (4th ed.) [Brochure]. Lawrence, KS: Author.
A book or article with no author or editor named
Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (10th ed.)
. (1993).Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster. New drug appears to sharply cut risk
of death from heart failure. (1993, July 15). The Washington Post, p.A12
A translated work and/ or a republished work
Laplace, P.S. (1951). A philosophical essay on
probabilities (F.W. Truscott & F. L. Emory, Trans.). New York:
Dover. (Original work published 1814)
A review of a book, conference, workshop, database,
Baumeister, R. F. (1993). Exposing the
self-knowledge myth [Review of the book The self-knower: A hero under control].
Contemporary Psychology, 38, 466-467.
An entry in an encyclopedia
Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The new
encyclopedia britannica (Vol, 26, pp. 501-508). Chicago: Encyclopedia
A print journal or newspaper article retrieved from
an online database
Smyth, A. M., Parker, A. L., & Pease, D. L.
(2002). A study of enjoyment of peas. Journal of Abnormal Eating, 8(3).
Retrieved February 20, 2003, from PsycARTICLES database.
An online journal article
Kenneth, I. A. (2000). A Buddhist response to the
nature of human rights. Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 8(4). Retrieved February
20, 2001, from http://www.cac.psu.edu/jbe/twocont.html
Chapter or section of an online document
The Foundation for a Better
World. (2000). Pollution and banana cream pie. In Great chefs cook with
chlorofluorocarbons and carbon monoxide (Chap. 3). Retrieved July 13,
2001, from http://www.bamm.com/cream/pollution/bananas.htm
Message posted to an online newsgroup, from,
workshop, or discussion group
Frook, B. D. (1999, July
23). New inventions in the cyberworld of toylandia [Msg 25]. Message posted http://groups.earthlink.com/forum/messages/0025.html Harris,
M. (Producer), & Turley, M. J. (Director). (2002). Writing Labs: A History
Submission of a manuscript implies that the work
described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or
as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration
for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for
publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the
JEGYS. Details are given in under copyright item too.
Fees and Charges
Authors are not required to pay any for a handling
fee, for editing or something else.